Miser-Sanskrit Subhashitam

|| *ॐ* ||
" *सुभाषितरसास्वादः* "

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Thiruvaimozhi is equal to vedas

Courtesy:Smt.Dr.Saroja Ramanujam

Thiruvaimozi

of Nammazvar

I am giving the essence of Thiruvaimozi here. It is in English for the sake of those who cannot read or understand Tamil. This is my offering to Nammazvar whose birthday is today. I will explain the first ten decades of his work in these posts.

BhakthAmrtham viSvajanAnumOdhanam

sarvArThadham SriSatagopavAngmayam

sahasraSAkhOpanishadsamAgamam

namAmyaham dhrAvidavEdhasAgaram.(Nadha munigaL)

Thiruvaimozi of Satagopa (nammAzvAr) is the ocean of Tamil scripture, veda itself in Tamil.I bow down to this which is like nectar to devotees, delight of all people in the world,and comprises of all the truths and the essence of the upanishads.

Thiruvaimozi is the work of NammAzvar also known as Satagopan because he was not born in the natural way but manifested himself and hence not influenced by the SatavAyu which destroys the memory of previous births before the embodied soul is expelled from the womb of the mother. He manifested in the month of viSakha and the star of viSAkha in Thirukkurugur.He never ate or drunk anything since his manifestation and nor talked and while young he sat in meditation under a tamarind tree in front of the temple in Thirukkurugur.

ThiruvaimoZi is supposed to be equal to the vedas and expounds the meaning of dhvaya manthra and arThapanchaka.It contains more than thousand pasurams, divided into ten parts of ten sections each,and
rich in meaning.

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Rudrayamala pdf – Tantra

courtesy: Sri.harry Spier

https://etexts.muktabodha.org/TEXTS/ETEXTS/RudraYamalaDEV.pdf

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Shiva’s contradictions – Malavikagnimitra

ॐ श्री गुरुभ्यो नमः।
I वन्दे संस्कृतमातरम् I

In the benedictory verse of Mālavikāgnimitram,
Kalidasa captures in verse the seemingly conflicting
nature of Shiva:

एकैश्वर्ये स्थितोऽपि प्रणतबहुफले यः स्वयं कृत्तिवासाः
कान्तासंमिश्रदेहोऽप्यविषयमनसां यः परस्ताद्यतीनाम् ।
अष्टाभिर्यस्य कृत्स्नं जगदपि तनुभिर्बिभ्रतो नाभिमानः
सन्मार्गालोकनाय व्यपनयतु स वस्तामसीं वृत्तिमीशः ॥

Shiva can bestow any amount of wealth to one who seeks,
but he himself is dressed in animal hide!
He shares half his body with his beloved wife,
yet he is disinterested in worldly matters and
is the greatest of saints!
He protects the world with his eight forces,
yet he hasn’t an iota of pride!
Let this lord of the world lead my mind towards
the right path of salvation, destroying the darkness within!

Courtesy:Sri.Ramesh Deshpande

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Purva mimansa sutra list

http://gretil.sub.uni-goettingen.de/gretil/1_sanskr/6_sastra/3_phil/mimamsa/jaimsutu.htm

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solar eclipse – sanskrit poem

सूर्यग्रहणम्
**********
हे हे सूर्य ! तवाङ्गिशौर्यनिकरं ज्ञात्वा न वै पामरो
भोक्तुं वाञ्छति हीनकर्मचरितो मध्याह्नकालेधुना।
तच्चेष्टां परिलोक्य सर्वमनुजाः पश्यन्ति भीत्या क्षणं
भुक्त्वान्नं न विहाय कार्यसकलं गायन्ति कीर्तिं च ते।।
(व्रजकिशोरः)

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Pancatantra stories in sanskrit with commentary

Courtesy:Dr.Nagaraj Paturi
Devanagari script with commentary:

https://archive.org/details/PanchatantramWithSanskritCommentaryByGpShastri/mode/2up

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River Mahanadi

1. introduction

There was a Tamil film by name Mahanadi acted by Kamal Hasan and Lekshmi and released about the year 1980’s and there was a beautiful song beginning with “Sri Ranga rajan…. Sung by a girl child “ It was played at least twenty times in an Omni bus I was travelling from Chennai to Trichy at that time. I was under the impression at that time Mahanadi would be a river in Tamilnadu not known to me. Recently only I could gather it is mainly a river of Chhatisgarh and Orissa.

Mahanadi (means Great River) is a river in East Central India. It drains an area of around 132,100 km2 and has a total course of 885 km.

Mahananadi River is the lifeline of Chattisgarh. Flowing from the Eastern Ghats to the Bay of Bengal through Cuttack, in the eastern Orissa State. Rising from the highlands of Chattisgarh, it flows through Orissa to reach The Bay Of Bengal.

2. Mythology- Mahanadi

Like all other rivers, the Mahanadi too is revered one. It plays a major role in peoples life and is part of all the major religious functions and festivals. The water of Mahananadi is considered to be auspicious for any occasion – be it good or bad. It is thought that the water of Mahananadi has the power of converting bad into good. (Limited mythology information only I could gather)

3. Geographic details

Mahanadi River is about 885 kms long, running through Central India. Rising from Central Chattisgarh, it passes through Eastern Ghats Mountains and ends at Bay of Bengal, near Cuttack, Orissa. It forms a Delta at the Bay of Bengal. In the rainy season it carries an immense amount of water, up to 51,000 cubic meters per second especially at the Naraj gorge.

The river current is very high, the Rivers Tel and Hasdo contribute as the main tributaries to the Mahanadi River.

4. Hirakud dam

The Hirakud Dam, the Worlds Highest Dam is constructed on Mahanadi. There is a high Gandhi Tower for the introspection of the Dam. As this Dam is the lifeline of Orissa, Mahanadi contributes a lot in fertilizing the chief crops – oilseed, rice and sugarcane.

The Hirakud Dam is also the main source of running Hydroelectric Plant at Sambalpur. Though the river flows at high speed, still in the months July to February, one can navigate the river on boat. (In any case one should not go very near Bay of Bengal, the point where Mahanadi merges in the Sea).The Maharashtra, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and Orissa share the drainage of the Mahanadi.

5. Source of Mahanadi

Like many other seasonal Indian rivers, the Mahanadi too is a combination of many mountain streams and thus its precise source is impossible to pinpoint. However its farthest headwaters lie 6 km from Pharisiya village 442 m above sea level south of Nagri town in Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh. The hills here are an extension of the Eastern Ghats and are a source of many other streams which then go on to join the Mahanadi.

For the first 80 km of its course, the Mahanadi flows in a northerly direction and drains the eastern portions of Raipur district. It is a rather narrow river at this stage, the total length of its valley not exceeding 500-600 metres. It then enters the old Bilaspur district where it is joined by its first major tributary, the Seonath

6. Maha nadi Middle Course

After being joined by the Seonath, the river flows in an easterly direction through the remaining part of its journey. It is joined by the Jonk and Hasdeo rivers here before entering into Orissa after covering about half of its total length. Near the city of Sambalpur, it is dammed by the largest earthen dam in the world, the Hirakud Dam.

( About Hiirakud dam I have studied in my 7-8 th standards as Dams created under 1st/ 2nd five yer plan started by our first PM Jawharlal Nehru. But still about Mahanadi no recollection… )

A composite structure of earth, concrete and masonry, the dam measures 2.4 km including dykes. It spans two hills; the Lamdungri on the left and the Chandili Dunguri on the right. It also forms the biggest artificial lake in Asia, with a reservoir holding 743 km² at full capacity, with a shoreline of over 640 km.

Before the construction of the dam in 1953, the Mahanadi was about a mile wide at Sambalpur and carried massive amounts of silt, especially during the monsoon. Today, it is a rather tame river after the dam and is joined by the Ib, Ong, Tel and other minor streams. It then skirts the boundaries of the Baudh district and forces a tortuous way between ridges and ledges in a series of rapids until it reaches Dholpur, Orissa. The rapids end here and the river rolls towards the Eastern Ghats, forcing its way through them via the 64 km long Satkosia Gorge. Dense forests cover the hills flanking the river here. The river enters the Orissa plains at Naraj, about 11 km from Cuttack, where it pours down between two hills a mile apart. A barrage has been constructed here to regulate the river’s flow into Cuttack..

7. Mahanadi -Mouth

The river traverses Cuttack district in an east-west direction. Just before entering Cuttack city, it gives off a large distributary called the Kathjori. The city of Cuttack stands on the spit separating the two channels. The Kathjori then throws off many streams like the Kuakhai, Devi and Surua which fall into the Bay of Bengal after entering Puri district. The Kathjori itself falls into the sea as the Jotdar. Other distributaries of Mahanadi include the Paika, Birupa, Chitartala, Genguti and Nun. The Birupa then goes on to join the Brahmani River at Krushnanagar and enters the Bay of Bengal at Dhamra.

The Mahanadi proper enters the sea via several channels near Paradeep at False Point, Kendrapara district. The combined Delta of the Mahanadi’s numerous distributaries and the Brahmani is one of the largest in India.[6]

8..Navigation

Prior to the construction of the Hirakud Dam, the Mahanadi was navigable from its mouth up to Arrang , about a 150 km from its source. However numerous barrages apart from the Hirakud have put an end to that. Today, boats are restricted to the delta region and the Hirakud reservoir.

9. Trade and Agriculture-reference by Ptolemy

The city of Sambalpur was a prominent trading place for diamonds in the ancient world and the river itself has been referred to as the Manada in Ptolemy’s works. However today the Mahanadi valley is best known for its fertile soil and flourishing agriculture. Prior to the Hirakud dam, the river carried more silt than any other river in the Indian subcontinent As a result its delta had one of the highest yield per acre in the whole of India. Today agriculture primarily depends on a network of canals that arise from the river. Rice, oilseeds and sugarcane are the principal crops here. An equally fertile though smaller valley also exists near Raipurd in the river’s early course.

10.Maha Nadi -Water

An average annual surface water potential of 66.9 km³ has been assessed in this basin. Out of this, 50.0 km³ is utilisable water. Culturable area in the basin is about 80,000 km², which is 4% of the total culturable area of the country.

At its peak during the monsoon, the Mahanadi has a discharge rate of 2 million cubic ft. per second almost as much as the much larger Ganges

. However owing to its seasonal nature the river is mostly a narrow channel flanked by wide sand banks for most of the year.

11. Mahanadi Floods

The Mahanadi was notorious for its devastating floods for much of recorded history. However the construction of the Hirakud Dam has greatly altered the situation. Today a network of canals, barrages and check dams keep the river well in control..

Many people died as the river breached its banks.( My friend Mr Hari har sethi, Divisional Engineer in Cuttack Telecom has narrated the incidents when communication itself was paralysed for months there. He had said people were totally helpless having all houses fully damaged in river floods …)

Relation between Maha nadi and Lord Krishna- An excellent legend was posted by one of the members as response and I have duly acknowledged him for the added information.

Sincerely,

Gopala Krishnan 11-4-2010

Reposted on 17-5-2020 after editing R. Gopala Krishnan

1. Introduction

I have learnt in middle school classes about Brahma Putra River as a river in North India. Normally rivers are considered female but Brahma Putra is considered as male. How the river was called Brahma puthra or as a male river was beyond my thinking at that time.

Like other rivers there are many legends associated with Brahma puthra.Brahma puthra river flows through three countries – born in Tibet, flowing through India and then on to Bangladesh.

It has many names – Tsangpo in Tibet, Lohit or Brahmaputra in India and Jamuna (not to be confused with Yamuna of India) in Bangladesh.

2. Brahma puthra in Kalika purana

There are many mythological stories about Brahmaputhra. The most popular and sacred one is about the river’s birth in ‘Kalika Purana’.

It describes how Parasurama, got rid of his sin of killing his mother Renuka with an axe (or Parashu) by taking bath in the sacred waters of Brahma puthra. Obeying the order from his father Jamadagni, Parasurama killed his own mother by severing her head with an axe. The story of Jamadagni and Renuka I have already posted a few times…

As a result of this nefarious act, the axe got stuck to his hand and he was unable to take it off his hand. (For me new information)

On advice from sages, Parasurama started on a pilgrimage and ultimately reached the place, which is presently known as Parashuram Kunda (about 25 km north of Tezu in Lohit district in Arunachal Pradesh).

According to the legend the mighty river was confined to a Kund or a small lake surrounded by hills at that time. Parasurama cut down the hills on one side to release the sacred water for the benefit of the common people. By this act, Parasurama’s axe came out of his hand to his great relief and he knew that he had been exonerated from his sin.

3. The Brahmaputhra and Assam:

The Brahmaputhra is also called as ‘Luhit’ or ‘Burha Luit’ in Assam. It is derived from the word ‘Lohit’ means ‘blood’ in Assamese. This name is believed to be related to the story of Parashuram described above.

4. Brahma Puthra- son of Lord Brahma

As the very name indicates, Brahmaputhra means the son of Lord Brahma. In mythological times, Amogha wife of Sage Shantanu had a child by Brahma the creator of the Universe. The child took the form of water. Shantanu placed the child right in the middle of the four great mountains – Kailash, Gandhamadana, Jarudhi and Sambwartakka. He grew into a great lake, the Brahmakunda. It was this Brahma Kunda opened on one side by Parasurama.

5. Legend from Tibet

The Tibetans believe that long before human occupation, the Chang Tan plateau was covered by the waters of a great lake.. A Bodhisattva (an enlightened being) decided the waters had to flow to help people who occupy the region. So he cut an outlet through the Himalayas for the Tsangpo or ‘Great River’..

The mountains, gorges and jungles through which the Tsangpo flows in Tibet are considered extremely holy. Ancient Tibetan scrolls written by sages, speaks of sanctuaries or beyuls deep in the Himalayas. Here ageing is slowed down and, animals and plants have miraculous powers. The Tibetans believe that in this area, perhaps through one of the waterfalls at the bottom of the world’s deepest gorge, is the doorway to paradise on Earth, Shangri-la.

6. Balarama and Brahma puthra river

Balarama, Krishna’s brother committed the sin of killing many Brahmins. To wash of his sins, he went on a pilgrimage and visited the confluence of the rivers Brahmaputra and Laskshya. He used his plough to get them to flow and meet yet another river the Dhaleshwari. As this was the place where the plough stopped, it was called Langalbandh.

The Lohit or Luit or Lauhitya joins the Brahmaputra and the Brahmaputra itself is called by these names in parts of North Eastern India. From India, the Brahmaputra enters Bangladesh.

7.Slightly different version of Parasurama Legend

Slightly different version of sage Parasurama legend goes on to add that Parashurama used a plough to further furrow the soft soil to make a path for the waters to flow to the plains. Tired he stopped at a place near Sonargaon. Here his plough or ‘Langal’ came to a standstill or ‘bandh’, and this place got called Langalbandh. This is considered to be a very holy place to round of a pilgrimage with a dip in the Brahmaputra..

8. Ganga turn down Brahma puthra’s love .

Brahmaputra in due time desired to marry Ganga. To test his love Ganga took on the form of an old woman. When Brahmaputra came he did not recognize Ganga appearing as old woman.

Ganga got angry and turned down the love of Brhama putra. Later however Ganga allowed the Jamuna (Not Yamuna) to join her.Jamuna is the name of Brahma puthra in Bangaladesh.

One more legend of associating Krishna and Brahma puthra is there. NEXT POSTING I will start with it and further details of Brhama puthra.

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Honoring Vajapayees-periyavaa

*அற்புதம்!*

ஏன்….மனசு கஷ்டப்படணும்?…..
ரிக்வேத அத்யாபகர் ஸ்ரீ ராமக்ருஷ்ண சாஸ்த்ரிகளின் குடும்பம் மொத்தமுமே வேத அத்யயனம், யாக-யஜ்ஞாதிகள், நித்யாக்னிஹோத்ரம் என்று, பெரியவாளுக்கு மிக மிக சம்மதமான குடும்பம்.
ஒருமுறை அவருடைய தந்தை, ஈரோடில் ஒரு பெரிய வாஜபேய யாகத்தை, க்ரமமாக முடித்துவிட்டு, குடும்பத்துடன் பெரியவாளை தர்சனம் பண்ண, மஹாகாவ் வந்தார்.
பெரியவா எங்கு சென்றாலும் கூட்டம்தானே! அன்றும் நல்ல கூட்டம். பெரியவா உள்ளே இருந்தார்.

"ஈரோட்ல, வாஜபேயம் முடிச்சிண்டு….. நேரா…. பெரியவாள தர்சனம் பண்ண வந்தோம்"
பாரிஷதர்களிடம் கூறினார்.
அவரும் பெரியவாளிடம் சென்று "ராமக்ருஷ்ண சாஸ்த்ரிகளோட தகப்பனார், ஈரோட்ல.. வாஜபேயம் முடிச்சுட்டு…. குடும்ப சஹிதமா வந்திருக்கார்." என்றதும்,
"அவாள…. மொதல்ல…. இங்கேர்ந்து போகச் சொல்லு"
தர்சனம் தராமலேயே திருப்பி அனுப்பி விட்டார்.
பெரியவாளின் தர்சனமும் இல்லாமல், மிகவும் வேதனையோடும், கண்ணீரோடும்….. பக்கத்தில் இருந்த ஒரு சத்திரத்தில் தங்கினார்கள். அவர்களுடைய துக்கமோ….. சொல்லி மாளாது….!
"என்ன குத்தம் பண்ணினோம்? தெரிஞ்சோ… தெரியாமலோ… எதாவுது… பண்ணியிருந்தாலும், பெரியவா மன்னிச்சுடுவாளா?"
தவித்தனர் பாவம்.
ஒரு மணி நேரம் இப்படியே கழிந்தது.
சரி…. இனி இங்கே எத்தனை நாழி உட்கார்ந்திருப்பது? ஊருக்குப் போக, அடுத்த ரயில் எப்போது என்று விசாரிக்க ரயில்வே ஸ்டேஷனுக்கு செல்ல முடிவு செய்தபோது, அறையின் வாசலில் திடீரென்று ஒரே பரபரப்பு!
ஶ்ரீமடத்தை சேர்ந்த பாரிஷதர்கள் சிலரும், வேத விற்பன்னர்களும், சில பெரிய மனிதர்களும் வந்து வாசலில் நின்றனர்.
"என்னது இது?….."
திகைத்தனர் !
"பெரியவா அனுப்பினா……! யாரோ….. வாஜபேய யாகம் பண்ணிட்டு இங்க வந்து தங்கியிருக்காளாம்.! அவாளையும், அவா குடும்பத்தையும்…. ராஜ மரியாதையோட, அழைச்சிண்டு வரணுன்னு….. ஸாண்டூர் மஹாராஜாவை அனுப்பியிருக்கா"
வந்தவர்களில் ஒரு வேதவிற்பன்னர் வினயமாக உரைத்தார்.
யானை, குதிரை, சாமரம், வெண்கொற்றக்குடை, வேதகோஷம், வாத்யம் முதலானவை அந்த சத்திரத்து வாசலில் வந்து, இவர்களுக்காக காத்திருந்தன.
இவர்களுக்கோ ஒரே ஆனந்த அதிர்ச்சி!
ஸாண்டூர் மஹாராஜா…. பெரிய வெண்கொற்ற குடையை அந்த குடும்பத்தின் தலைவருக்கு பிடித்தபடி வர, முன்னால் நாதஸ்வர இசை முழங்க, "பார்! எப்பேர்ப்பட்ட வேதவித்துக்களை அழைத்து வருகிறோம்!.." என்பது போல், கம்பீரமாக ஶ்ரீமடத்து யானை அசைந்து நடந்து செல்ல, குதிரை மேல் தடி ஏந்தியபடி, பாரா வர, ஸாமவேத கோஷத்துடன் கல்கத்தா சங்கரநாராயண ஸ்ரௌதிகள் இவர்களை அழைத்துக்கொண்டு பெரியவாளிடம் சென்றார்.
சாஸ்த்ரிகள் குடும்பத்தினர் ஆனந்தத்தில் அழுதனர்! பெரியவாளுடைய பேரன்பை நினைத்து அழுதனர்! அவருடைய வேத தர்ம பரிபாலனத்தை நினைத்து அழுதனர்!
*"வேதமாதாவுக்கு முன் ராஜாதிராஜாக்கள் கூட ஸேவகர்தான்"* என்ற சத்யம் அன்று தெய்வத்தால் உலகுக்கு உணர்த்தப்பட்டது.
இப்பேர்ப்பட்ட மாபெரும் ஊர்வலத்தை மனதில் கற்பனை செய்தாலே சிலிர்க்கறது!
மடத்துக்குள் நுழைந்ததும் பெரியவா புன்சிரிப்புடன்……
" ஏன் மனசு கஷ்டப்படணும்? வாஜபேயம் பண்ணினவாளுக்கு ராஜ மரியாதையோட, யாராவது…. மஹாராஜா வெண்கொற்ற கொடை பிடிச்சிண்டு வரணும்..! அப்டி….. அவாளை பாக்கறதுதான் தர்மம்.! அதுப்படி பாக்கறதுக்காகத்தான்…. ஒங்களை மொதல்ல போகச் சொன்னேன்…..! அதோட எனக்குமே கூட… ஓன்னை…. அப்டிப் பாக்கணுன்னு ஆசையா இருந்துது….. யதேச்சையா.. ஸாண்டூர் மஹாராஜா வந்தார்…!"
யதேச்சையாகவா! தன் சங்கல்பம் என்று ஒத்துக் கொள்வாரா என்ன?
ராமக்ருஷ்ண சாஸ்த்ரிகளின் அப்பா, பெரியவா பாதாரவிந்தங்களை கண்ணீரால் அபிஷேகம் செய்தார்.
பெரியவாளுடைய எந்த செயலுமே அனுக்ரஹம்தானே!!
இதில் பாரிஷதர்களின் வேடிக்கையான அனுபவம் என்னவென்றால், மஹாகாவ் என்ற சின்ன ஊரில், பூஜை சாமான்கள், சமையல் சாமான்கள், பாரிஷதர்களின் மடிஸஞ்சி, பெரியவாளின் மடிஸஞ்சி இத்யாதிகள் இருந்த இடத்தில் ஒரு பழைய வெண்கொற்றக் குடையும் இருந்தது !
ஒருவரும் அதை கவனிக்கவில்லை, பெரியவாளைத் தவிர!..
திடீரென்று ஒரு பாரிஷதர் உள்ளே வந்து,
"பெரியவா வெண்கொற்றக் குடையை கொண்டுவரச் சொல்றா!" என்றதும், அங்கிருந்த சாமான்களைத் துழாவி, தூசி படிந்து, brown கொற்றக்குடையாக இருந்த வெண்கொற்றக் குடையை கண்டுபிடித்து, தூசி தட்டிக் கொண்டிருந்தபோதே, "சீக்ரம்! பெரியவா அவசரமாக் கேக்கறா!!" என்று ஆள் மேல் ஆள் வந்து கேட்டதும், ஒருவழியாக சுமாராகப் பண்ணி அதைக் குடுத்தனர்.
எதற்கு இத்தனை அவசரம்?
வாஜபேய யாகம் பண்ணின தன்னுடைய பக்தனை பார்க்கத்தான் அத்தனை அவசரம் பகவானுக்கு!

🌹 👣 🕉️ 🙏
-ஜெகத்குரு காஞ்சி காமகோடி ஸ்ரீ சந்திரசேகரேந்திர சரஸ்வதி சங்கராச்சார்ய ஸ்வாமிகள்

ஹர ஹர ஹர சங்கரா!
ஜெய ஜெய ஜெய சங்கரா!
சிவ சிவ சிவ சங்கரா!

*குருவே சரணம்*
*குருவே துணை*
*குருவே போற்றி!.*

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Sukhaanushayee raagah -Attraction is that which dwells on pleasure.

Raja Yoga Sutras
Commentary by Swami Vishnudevananda

11.7. Sukhaanushayee raagah Attraction is that which dwells on pleasure.

Commentary: Most think of attraction and pleasure as positive things, but when associated with objects
of the material world they inevitably bring pain. Nothing in the physical world is permanent; hence the
constant fear of loss itself keeps those seeking pleasure in an unhappy state. This is why the yogi learns
to cultivate a dislike for worldly pleasures. He is never disappointed or unhappy. The result ironically,
is that by not seeking pleasure he is always happy.

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